After five years of declining output, global shipyard output increased marginally in 2019, to 32.8m CGT. However, the recovery in ordering since 2016 reversed, with contracting down 30% despite an improving earnings environment (ClarkSea Index up 24%), underlying demand for tonnage to meet global trade (11.9bn tonnes in 2019) and fleet replacement (23% of tonnage over 15 years).

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