The US has traditionally been one of the most significant importers of energy commodities globally, given its large population’s heavy demand for energy (12.8 MWh/capita in 2016, treble that of China). However, US seaborne energy imports peaked in 2005, and more recently exports have taken off, owing to the shale boom. This led to the US becoming a net seaborne exporter of energy commodities in 2018.

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